Tribute to “Missy” Barbara Stanwyck

eace443d64331d75474b24092baeeb64

I remember vividly what was the first Marilyn Monroe film I saw or what was the first Grace Kelly film I saw, but if you ask me when exactly I discovered Barbara Stanwyck, I become hesitant. I have a far memory concerning that. I believe she was introduced to me with either Meet John Doe or Clash By Night, two films I watched for various reasons and Missy wasn’t one of them. Meet John Doe had Gary Cooper and Clash by Night had Marilyn Monroe (I also thought it would be classy to watch a Fritz Lang’s film. To tell you the truth, I’m pretty sure this was the first film of his I ever saw). Those films turned out to be great but I admit I haven’t watched them a second time since. Barbara Stanwyck, even if I was by then not too familiar with her, was the highlight of those films and the more I saw and learned about her, the more I grew up to admire the actress she was. One of her nicknames was “The Queen” and it’s not without reason.

My friend Crystal from In the Good Old Days of Classic Hollywood has decided to bring back her Remembering Barbara Stanwyck Blogathon for a second edition, which is an event I obviously couldn’t skip. This year, she is joined by the lovely Maddy from Maddy Loves Her Classic Films. The two ladies have already hosted a few blogathons together and I know they make a terrific team! The first time Crystal hosted it, which was in  2016, I wrote about what was at the time my favourite Barbara Stanwyck films, more precisely Red Salute, a little unknown road trip comedy where she shared the screen with a young Robert Young. 😉 My preferences have changed since and, to tell you the truth, I kind of have difficulties to say what is my ultimate favourite Barbara Stanwyck film. It changes all the time, depending on my mood I guess. But what I can positively say is that I loved most of those I saw and Barbara had a lot to do with it. The reason why Crystal is hosting this blogathon from January 20 to January 22 is to remember Stany on her 29th death anniversary (January 20, 1990). For the occasion, I’ve decided not to write about a particular film, but simply to pay my own tribute to this great screen goddess. And it was about time. As a matter of fact, I probably discovered Barbara Stanwyck before I even started this blog or at least, not long after.

picmonkey_image-4

But, to tell you the truth, it’s not so much by watching first films with her that I discovered her greatness. No, people on social media would talk about her in a way that just made you want to see more of her a know more about her. To be honest, I think it’s more some friends over Facebook who really led me to see more of her films and made me realise her coolness. No, I don’t remember who it was, but I remember she’s one who was admired by many and with well-justified reasons. There are some points where I and Barbara wouldn’t agree (politics) but if we forget that and concentrate on her acting career, well, she’s the kind of person whose talent keeps me speechless.

3f4b48793a0ab2fa6a35fac6f0b3a7d3

We first have to look at her background to understand the impressive way she became a star. I have not read any books about her (there’s this huge biography of her but I heard it wasn’t so good), but from what I’ve read, she pretty much started from nothing and built herself a name thanks to her strength of character and perseverance. At the age of four, the little Ruby Catherine Stevens became an orphan when her mother died after having been accidentally knockout by a tramway. Not long after the funerals, her father abandoned her and her siblings. She was the youngest of five children. After their father’s departure, it’s their older sister, Laura, who took care of them. Ruby constantly moved from one foster home to another but, during teenagerhood, she also started to do stage performances with her sister. She eventually became a dancer for the Ziegfeld Follies between 1923 and 1924 and obtained her first on-screen role in 1927 with Broadway Nights as an uncredited dancer. What however gives her a real break into films was probably Lady of Leisure (1930) and from then on, each decade would have an important film starring Barbara Stanwyck: Night Nurse, Baby Face, and Stella Dallas in the 30s; The Lady Eve, Ball of Fire, Double Indemnity, and The Strange Love of Martha Ivers in the 40s, Titanic, Clash by Night, and Executive Suite in the 50s, etc. Barbara Stanwyck was nominated for four Academy Awards (Stella Dallas, Ball of Fire, Double Indemnity, and Sorry, Wrong Number) but, unfortunately, never won any of them. She received, however, an honorary Oscar in 1982, during which she paid tribute to her “golden boy”, William Holden, who had died tragically a few months before.

I love that she acknowledges the electricians! This surely is one of the most touching Oscar speech. It remains simple, but it’s authentic. And oh dear! She missed her friend William Holden so much! 😦

Because yes, this is precisely one of the reasons why I love Barbara Stanwyck. She pretty much put William Holden on the map. This actor, you know he’s a favourite here at The Wonderful World of Cinema! His first starring role was Joe Bonaparte in Golden Boy (Rouben Mamoulian, 1939) next to Barbara Stanwyck, Lee J. Cobb, and Adolphe Menjou. But this almost didn’t happen. Previously, Holden had played uncredited parts in two films called Prison Farm and Million Dollar Legs. When the time came to give him the starring role in Golden Boy, not only he was a very unknown actor, but most people weren’t willing to give him a change. However, Barbara Stanwyck saw potential in him and appreciated him. She helped him a lot to improve and even took personal time to coach him and help him develop his acting skills. They became longtime friends. So, yes, it’s pretty much thanks to her if Golden Holden had the chance to make a real break into films and became the great actor he was. Thanks, Barbara! She was a queen but she was willing to help the newcomers. I honestly think that was brilliant of her.

0b502c1b2ef9bda8817e32ac7ec78c5e

Barbara Stanwyck had this talent to play characters that you would either love or fear. She did both kinds of roles perfectly which places her among the most versatile actresses of her generation or maybe of all time. Well, that’s my opinion but I think many would agree. However, there’s always something that makes her fascinating to watch, whatever what role she would play. She had that presence that created this amazing aura around her, incredible charisma, that’s for sure, and a unimitable assurance. Just before starting to write this text, I watched a few Barbara Stanwyck’s films I had never seen before: Ball of Fire, The Lady Eve, The Strange Love of Martha Ivers, Night Nurse, and Stella Dallas. I loved them all and these are all films where she plays quite different types of characters. Ball of Fire actually might be my new favourite performance of her. Her dynamism in this film is simply contagious. While it was directed by Howard Hawks, it was written by Billy Wilder and Charles Brackett who definitely developed Barbara Stanwyck into a memorable character. Her introduction with “Drum Boogie” is probably one of the most memorable of her career (Double Indemnity being another quite notorious one).

And then…

Interestingly, Barbara Stanwyck often embodied women in search of themselves. They often do things impulsively without necessarily thinking about the consequences. Her characters are strong individualists that, despite wanting to control the world around them, are often led downhill. This would be the case for her role Double Indemnity or Baby Face. As a matter of fact, we could make a connection between these characters and those portrayed by Margaret Lockwood in Gainsborough melodramas, despite the two actresses quite different acting style. This, added to Barbara’s own impressive acting skills, make her films highly interesting to watch and herself a pertinent object of study.  In 2017, I attended a seminar in American Cinema of the 50s. Not only my teacher would often talk about Barbara Stanwyck, but I recently discovered that she actually teaches (or taught) a course entirely dedicated to Barbara Stanwyck at the Ph.D. level! Now, I’m almost tempted to do a Ph.D. at Concordia for that only! One thing is sure, Barbara Stanwyck was a highly important figure of Hollywood films.

62a3247ef4a35a97505a05291ef17782

If we look even closer at Barbara Stanwyck’s on-screen presence, the negativity that could emerge from some (but far from all) her characters is quickly overshadowed by the obvious symbol of feminism she embodied through many of her characters. If we look again at our comparison with Margaret Lockwood’s Gainsborough Melodramas characters, sure these often appeared to be cruel women at first glance, but they also were free and independent women that provoked admiration among the female audience. These films were made during the war when women would gain a certain status and independence in society as many men were on the front. Moreover, they also were important box office successes in England. The same can be said of Barbara Stanwyck’s characters. Many of them were strong women who knew what they wanted and proved us that someone doesn’t necessarily need the opposite sex to survive. Barbara Stanwyck being an important figure of pre-code cinema and screwball comedy highlights, even more, this sense of feminism. Women were the real heroes in screwball films and often were the true leaders. And pre-code would simply depict life in a more realistic way than films made during the Production Code Era and its many restrictions.

21ee478b316f556b05ed137999200a77

When I did my bachelor degree, I attended a class on sexual representation in cinema. For my final paper, I wrote about the representation of female sexuality in pre-code films and one of my case studies was Baby Face (the other one was Gold Diggers of 1933). In my research, I used a text by John McPartland, Sex During the Great Depression, where he explains that pre-code films led to a new representation of the body. Therefore, women wearing clothes that showed their belly weren’t uncommon during the pre-code era. This makes us think of Night Nurse which contains many scenes of Joan Blondell and Barbara Stanwyck changing clothes and being seen in underwear (ou la la…). Some could see that as a way to simply attract the spectator’s eyes, but if we look at that in a more favourable context, it’s also a liberation of the body which is something well, natural. The fact that Barbara Stanwyck was sort of part of this “liberation” (that, unfortunately, didn’t last long), once again accentuates her significance as a woman in the film industry. She then made many films during the Production Code Era which would allow her to explore a different facet of the Hollywood film industry but, in all cases, she managed to present characters people can still rely on today.

59fa39ae4b5e3dc912ef5e0585f018d5

To come back to Night Nurse, I watched this film very recently for the first time and absolutely loved Barbara Stanwyck in it. She plays a strong female lead and her determination sparks our admiration. She does everything in her power to save two children suffering from malnutrition (and who could very probably die from it), even if this means risking getting injured or even risking her own life. The fact that she plays a nurse has even more significance. Yes, women in hospital at the time would often be the nurses and not rarely the doctor, but Night Nurse proves us that nurses are as important and shouldn’t be considered as inferiors. They do not only take care of patients night and day, but also dedicate their whole life to this profession and the goodwill of sick and injured people. Also, one of the doctors plays a villain which obviously doesn’t put him in a favourable light (am I the only one to think Dr. Ranger looked like a Nazi?). Also, that scenes where she takes revenge on the man who assaulted her by punching him in the face is everything!

b98350fc427171ba8848f7dd2b2522a8

So far, I have seen a total of twenty films starring Barbara Stanwyck. It’s quite a good start, but there are obviously many more I need to see (thanks for all your suggestions, Crystal). I’ve observed in each one of them how Barbara Stanwyck’s acting game was natural and that she was truly born to be an actress. She is simply fascinating to watch and I think she deserves more recognition today because, even if classic film fans acknowledge her talent, she isn’t as well-known as Audrey Hepburn for example. And I have to say, I love her voice. It has an impressive range of emotion and there’s something just “true” and unique about it. But, really, you have to listen to it to understand.

Barbara Stanwyck was undeniably an actress of high importance and her what she brought to in the film industry cannot be fully expressed in a simple blog article. I’ve tried to do a little top 10 list of my favourite Barbara Stanwyck’s films, but this is obviously something that could change tomorrow. I think it should give you a good preview:

1- Sorry Wrong Number (Anatole Litvak, 1948)

2- Ball of Fire (Howard Hawks, 1941)

3- Night Nurse (William A. Wellman, 1931)

4- Red Salute (Sidney Lanfield, 1935)

5- Golden Boy (Rouben Mamoulian, 1939)

6- The Strange Loves of Martha Ivers (Lewis Milestone, 1946)

7- Baby Face (Alfred E. Green, 1933)

8- The Lady Eve (Preston Sturges, 1941)

9- My Reputation (Curtis Bernhard, 1946)

10- Stella Dallas (King Vidor, 1937)

Of course, there are many more films of hers I love that are not on this list such as Clash by Night or Meet John Doe. And, to tell you the truth, I am not too much a fan of Double Indemnity. I watched it twice but really have difficulty to get into it! This is strange as I normally love all Billy Wilder films I saw. Oh well, I guess it happens. I recognize it’s a great film in many aspects, but it’s just not a favourite of mine. 😉

dcb3cbca12e990861c82860f6eb281bb

Anyway, telling you everything about my admiration for the great Barbara Stanwyck surely was a rewarding experience. While writing this text, I realized how much I valued her, even more than I would have initially suspected. Of course, there would be many more things to say about her because, as I’ve explained, she’s a highly interesting and complex subject of study. She surely revolutionized the face of cinema!

I, once again, want to thank Crystal and Maddy for hosting this great blogathon. Missy surely deserved that honour!

To read the other entries, please click here!

See you!

4513ece7169692539b0b2b88714ea75a
This is probably my favourite photo of her. What a cutie!

Advertisements

16 thoughts on “Tribute to “Missy” Barbara Stanwyck

  1. You have written a beautiful tribute! 😊 I have also taken an opportunity to watch more of Barbara’s film since participating in the blogathon. I’m so glad because I feel a maturing appreciation for her work and cannot wait to see more from her filmography. Her performance in ‘My Reputation’ really impressed me. She was undoubtedly one of Golden Hollywood’s strongholds.

    Like

  2. What a great photo of her at the end. I’ve never seen it before. Stanwyck is one of my top five favorite actresses and I’ve made an effort to see as many of her films as I can. I really appreciate that she was a strong woman both on and off screen, but also exuded warmth and was down to earth. She was well-liked among her co-workers. We can probably thank Frank Capra for featuring Missy in his films. Their early work together really showcased her talent. It’s hard to pick favorites among her films. Some under-rated ones I appreciate include Union Pacific, Cry Wolf, Lady of Burlesque (which I wrote about for this blogathon) and Ever in My Heart, among others. I’ve yet to see Red Salute and I agree with your opinion about Ball of Fire. I started the Stanwyck biography years ago and made it most of the way through. However, I never finished. It’s extremely long and full of detail, but only covers the first half of her life. I wish it was less dry in tone. Wonderful article, Virginie!

    Like

  3. It is a great pleasure to read of your discovery of and affection for Barbara Stanwyck. She has been my favourite actress since I was a kid watching The Big Valley. Her credit on the show “And starring Miss Barbara Stanwyck” prepared me for the greatness I would find when watching her movies on The Late Show. My early favourites were Meet John Doe, Remember the Night and Ball of Fire.

    I suppose it is timing, but I still am shocked by the fact that her very first acting award was an Emmy in 1960 for The Barbara Stanwyck Show. If you haven’t seen the show yet, I highly recommend it. It is available on DVD and there may be some episodes on YouTube.

    Liked by 1 person

  4. Lovely tribute to a great actress. There are still quite a few movies I haven’t seen, Night Nurse being one of them unfortunately. In an industry where backstabbing seems to be an everyday occurrence – while continually stressing how much you looooove everybody – it’s amazing that Stanwyck seems to have been universally liked and respected.

    Liked by 1 person

  5. This is great! Oh, I ADOOORE this woman! I will watch anything she’s in! You have to watch Ladies They Tak About (1933), it’s such an underrated one and it’s pure Pre Code! Great tribute 😀

    Liked by 1 person

  6. Still must see My Reputation and Stella Dallas for myself- I have heard all good things from basically everyone about those two!! AND – BILL HOLDEN!!! the first time I saw the clip of Bill and Stany at the Oscars together and he gave an impromptu Thank You to her- I was so emotionally moved by it! Without her he may have never been the leading man he was! By all accounts she was always happy to help out new actors- and it just shows what type of person she was!! I really need to re-watch Ball of Fire now- Her and Coop make one hot couple!!!

    Liked by 1 person

  7. A beautiful tribute to this great lady of cinema. I, too, discovered Barbara as a kid watching re-runs of The Big Valley. It was seeing her in Sorry, Wrong Number (which I wrote about for this blogathon) when I was young which began my love affair with this amazing actress. I’ve never been disappointed by a performance from her. Thanks so much for a great article!

    Liked by 1 person

  8. Love this tribute so much, Ginnie. You have really done a fab job of highlighting why so many people love Barbara. She was such a good actress and always convinced in her roles. I too love her friendship with Bill and how she supported him. Thanks for joining our blogathon.

    Liked by 1 person

  9. Hi Virginie. I’m really sorry that I didn’t comment on this sooner. I initially thought I did. Anyway, I think Stannyy would be proud with the loving tribute that you penned in honor of her. She’s one actress that truly deserves the blogathon treatment. I like how you composed a list of your favorite Barbara films. A few of these are on my list as well. I too must admit that I really don’t like “Double Indemnity”. I purchased the DVD a long time ago when my passion for classic cinema first evolved. At the time I didn’t know much about Barbara Stanwyck, but I watched the movie and I was disappointed. I found it hard to get past Barbara’s horrible blonde wig, and to tell the truth, I instantly took a dislike to Barbara Stanwyck and totally dismissed her. I honestly thought that that wig was her real hair ( how wrong I was ). Anyway, fast forward to 2013 when my grandparents came to visit. They were helping me rearrange my DVDS and putting them in order. As we were doing this we were talking about the actresses, and my Grandmother and Granddad strongly urged me to look into Barbara Stanwyck. They said she’s a tough dame, but she’s there favorite actress and they knew I would like her. A few days later we were sitting at the dining table having a cup of tea and cake and they told Mum that they want me to look into Barbara Stanwyck. They described her to Mum the way they described her to me, and they said that she’s done plenty of thrillers, which I like. Of course, I was hesitant, because all I remembered was “Double Indemnity” and that atrocious wig and Barbara’s icy cold personality in the movie. I mulled over the idea for a while, but then I suddenly decided to take the plunge. I went online and ordered two Barbara box-sets and “The Strange Love of Martha Ivers.”. A few days after that I ordered “Sorry Wrong Number.”. When the parcels arrived, I watched “My Reputation” and “Jeopardy”, which were in the box set, and I was instantly solved. I don’t remember what movie I watched first out of those two, but it was one of those movies. I enjoyed the films and loved Babs in them. Then I watched “The Strange Love of Martha Ivers”, and immediately became obsessed with the film and Stannyy. I was that obsessed with the film that I watched “Martha Ivers” the next few nights in a row after that. I told Mum about those films and I began to watch Babs with Mum in the afternoons. Since then, I’ve purchased most of Babs movies on DVD and I’ve seen almost every film she made except for about five or six ( I’ve lost count ). Mum hasn’t seen the amount of Barbara films that I have, but she’s seen a great deal, and now she’s Mum’s first or second favorite actress. As for “Double Indemnity”, I still don’t like it, and I will constantly curse it for giving me the wrong introductory to Stannyy. Back in 2015, Jarrahn and I seen “Double Indemnity” on the big screen at our old movie cinema, and even on the big screen I didn’t like it. I think for memory I fell asleep during it. I have to say that Jarrahn preferred the movie much more than I did, and that is saying a lot, because I love Babs, and I’m also a big fan of Fred MacMurray and Edward G. Robinson.

    Well, that’s my story, and once again I apologize for my late reply, but I want to say thank you for participating in the blogathon, and for doing Barbara proud. I love how young people like us are becoming a fan of Babs and are enjoying her illustrious contribution to motion pictures.

    Like

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s